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Coastal resort boom puts pressure on marine environment

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The massive development of resort projects in coastal areas has led to a breakdown in tourism planning, affecting marine resources and the environment, as well as the security of tourism destinations.

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Resort boom

Da Nang, Nha Trang, Mui Ne, Vung Tau, Phu Quoc and Sam Son are famous for their large number of resorts.

Da Nang, which has one of the six most beautiful beaches on the planet as voted by Forbes, had by mid-2016 more than 535 hotels and resorts with 20,166 rooms, including 35 4-5-star hotels with 6,084 rooms. 

By mid-2016, Da Nang had 45 more hotels and resorts compared with the number at the end of 2015.

In Nha Trang City in Khanh Hoa province, in the first nine months of 2016 alone, 30 projects with 7,000 real estate products were launched. 

Sam Son (Thanh Hoa province), Ha Long (Quang Ninh), Cat Ba (Hai Phong), Ninh Binh, Nghe An, Ha Tinh, Hoi An, Binh Dinh and Phu Quoc are also hotspots for mid-end to high-end resorts. 

The resort boom is attributed to increasingly high travel demand as tourists tend to choose beaches and islands as destinations. A report found that 70 percent of tourists go to beaches and islands each year.

Pham Hong Long and Pham Thi Anh, in an article published in Khoa Hoc & Phat Trien, said that resort development has also been influenced by business strategies followed by real estate tycoons.  

The ONYX Hospitality Group, for example, teamed up with HB Group to develop resorts in Hoi An ancient town, while Marriott International worked with Sun Group to build JW Marriott Phu Quoc Emerald Bay.

What do resorts bring?

The resorts have helped improve the local economic situation, but have also caused negative consequences. The program on developing beautiful beaches in Vietnam has been affected. 

On environment forums, members complain that too many hotels and resorts have arisen, dividing beaches into small pieces and breaking up the landscapes. Locals have ‘lost’ their favorite beaches as they are now occupied by private resorts.

According to Long and Anh, the resort boom has also increased pressure on the coastal environment, increased the risk of erosion, and degraded the marine ecosystem. 

Many coastal resorts still do not have professional waste water treatment systems, and untreated waste water is discharged directly into the sea. 

There are 44 sewers along the Da Nang coast through which waste water goes directly to the sea.

 

Source: VietNamNet

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